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Trial NCT00792220

Resource URI: http://static.linkedct.org/resource/trials/NCT00792220
PropertyValue
linkedct:acronym MSU
linkedct:arm_group <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/arm_group/53570>
linkedct:arm_group <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/arm_group/54997>
linkedct:brief_title "Mobile Stroke-Unit" for Reduction of the Response Time in Ischemic Stroke
linkedct:collaborator_agency <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/collabagency/2458>
linkedct:collaborator_agency <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/collabagency/3083>
linkedct:collaborator_agency <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/collabagency/5049>
linkedct:collaborator_agency <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/collabagency/5082>
linkedct:collaborator_agency <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/collabagency/6748>
linkedct:collaborator_agency <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/collabagency/6749>
linkedct:collaborator_agency <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/collabagency/7507>
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/12595>
linkedct:criteria Inclusion Criteria: - Age between 18 and 80 years - Onset of symptoms until call at least 30 min prior to the end of the approved time window for thrombolysis (and not after awakening) - Clinical signs of ischemic stroke with suddenly occurring, measurable neurological deficits defined as impairment of language, motor function, facial palsy or asymmetry - Patient is willing to participate voluntarily and to sign a written informed consent. Informed consent will be obtained from each patient or the subject's legally authorized representative or relative. - Patients who are unable to sign but who are able to understand the meaning of participation in the study may give an oral witnessed informed consent. These patients have to make undoubtfully clear that they are willing to participate voluntarily and must be able to understand an explanation of the contents of the information sheet. Exclusion Criteria: - Age younger than 18 or older than 80 years - Non-acute onset of symptoms - No focal stroke-like symptoms - Pregnant patients
linkedct:description Stroke is the most common cause of permanent disability, the second most common cause of dementia and the third most common cause of death in elderly in industrialized countries. Approximately 85 % of all strokes are due to cerebral ischemia, whereas 15% are due to cerebral hemorrhage. In 1998, over 600.000 new strokes occurred within the European Union. Since the incidence of stroke is strongly age-related, the number of stroke victims is expected to increase substantially over the next decades as the proportion of the subjects older than 70 is estimated to grow from about 13 % to 20 % (Wahlgren 2001; The European stroke initiative, 2000). Within the next 8 years the yearly direct costs for stroke can be estimated to about 27 billion € only in Germany (Kolominsky-Rabas et al., 2006). Due to the increased incidence in the future, these costs are expected to increase by about 10 - 15 % within the next 10 years. The main causes of ischemic stroke are thromboembolic occlusion of cerebral vessels by embolism of the heart or of the brain feeding arteries. This occlusion of a cerebral artery leads to an immediate drop of the blood flow in the corresponding arterial territory. This reduced blood flow leads to the known neurological symptoms of the affected brain area. Animal experiments show that a massive cellular death occurs within minutes after the occlusion of an intracerebral artery in the centre of the ischemic lesion (infarction core). The region surrounding this area (penumbra) is at high risk by a functionally reduced blood flow. By improving the blood flow, this area could potentially be rescued and therefore represents the focus of every stroke therapy. Aggravatingly, the first irreversible cellular death in the penumbra starts as early as 30 minutes to 1 hour after stroke onset (Astrup et al., 1981; Heiss et al., 1983; Garcia et al., 1995; Watanabe et al., 1977; Siesjo et al., 1992; Hossmann 1994; Hu et al., 2001). Based on these data, a causal therapy of ischemic stroke appears only possible, if the cerebral blood flow is re-established within the very first hours after symptom onset (Dyker et al., 1998; Kasner et al., 1997; Adams et al., 1996; Brott et al., 1992; Del Zoppo et al., 1996; Zivin, 1998). Currently, systemic thrombolysis with the recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), which is approved in Germany since 2000, represents the first evidence-based and the only causal treatment for acute ischemic stroke. The therapy should be performed as early as possible to minimize the cerebral injury and to avoid complications (i.e., hemorrhagie). Treatment with rt-PA has been studied in 6 large randomized placebo-controlled multi-centre studies (The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke rt-PA Stroke Study Group, 1995; Hacke et al. 1995; Hacke et al., 1998; Clark et al., 2000). Meta-analysis of these studies showed that a thrombolytic therapy within the first 3 hours results in a significant reduction of disability or death (Hacke et al., 1998; 2004). The chances to save the brain tissue by a thrombolytic therapy exponentially decrease with passing time. In most cases, the patient is examined by an emergency physician, but the beginning of the final thrombolysis therapy is delayed by a variety of factors, like delivery to the hospital, neurologist re-examinations, and delay in blood analysis or CT scan. Due to this, a therapy decision is possible within the first 3 hours only in a minority of the stroke patients. This contributes to the low lysis rate of only 4-7 % of all stroke patients. The odds ratio (OR) of a favourable 3-month outcome of stroke therapy converges against 1 in the first 4 hours in favour of the rt-PA group (Hacke et al., 2004). Meta-analyses demonstrate that a reduction of time until the beginning of the thrombolytic therapy has the best potential to reduce the disabling effects of a stroke. The rational of this study is to investigate whether a "Mobile Stroke Unit" contributes to a better stroke management by saving precious time until a therapeutic decision is made, according to the concept "time is brain".
linkedct:download_date Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 30, 2009
linkedct:eligibility_gender Both
linkedct:eligibility_healthy_volunteers No
linkedct:eligibility_maximum_age 80 Years
linkedct:eligibility_minimum_age 18 Years
linkedct:end_date December 2010
linkedct:enrollment 200 (xsd:int)
linkedct:firstreceived_date November 13, 2008
linkedct:has_dmc Yes
linkedct:id NCT00792220
linkedct:intervention <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/intervention/100287>
linkedct:intervention <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/intervention/97630>
rdfs:label Trial NCT00792220
linkedct:lastchanged_date December 30, 2008
linkedct:lead_sponsor_agency University Hospital, Saarland
linkedct:location <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/location/268817>
linkedct:nct_id NCT00792220
linkedct:number_of_arms 2 (xsd:int)
linkedct:number_of_groups 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:official_title "Mobile Stroke-Unit" for Reduction of the Response Time in Ischemic Stroke
linkedct:org_study_id MSU
linkedct:overall_contact_email klaus.fassbender@uniklinikum-saarland.de
linkedct:overall_contact_last_name Klaus C Fassbender, Prof. Dr.
linkedct:overall_contact_phone +49-6841-16
linkedct:overall_contact_phone_ext 24103
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/33381>
linkedct:overall_status Recruiting
linkedct:oversight <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/oversight/1106>
foaf:page <http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00792220>
linkedct:phase N/A
linkedct:primary_completion_date November 2010
linkedct:primary_outcomes <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/primary_outcomes/23018>
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/17370>
linkedct:secondary_id EudraCT number 2007-000709-31
linkedct:secondary_outcomes <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/secondary_outcomes/115355>
linkedct:source University Hospital, Saarland
linkedct:start_date November 2008
linkedct:study_design Health Services Research, Randomized, Open Label, Parallel Assignment, Efficacy Study
linkedct:study_type Interventional
linkedct:summary Stroke, the most common cause of permanent disability, the second most common cause of dementia and third most common cause of death, has tremendous socio-economic consequences. Currently, systemic thrombolysis with the tissue plasminogen activator represents the only causal and approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke. However, the chances to save the brain tissue by a thrombolytic therapy exponentially decrease with proceeding time after onset of symptoms. In most cases, the beginning of the thrombolysis therapy is delayed by a variety of factors, like delivery to the hospital, re-examinations and delay of blood analysis or of CT scans. Due to this, a thrombolytic therapy is possible only in a minority of the stroke patients (2-5 %). The aim of this study is to investigate whether a "Mobile Stroke Unit", a rescue car with an integrated CT scanner, necessary for essential diagnostics, contributes to a better stroke management by saving precious time until a therapeutic decision is made. The trial is planned as a monocentric, randomised prospective trial.
rdf:type linkedct:trials
linkedct:verification_date November 2008