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Trial NCT00001125

Resource URI: http://static.linkedct.org/resource/trials/NCT00001125
PropertyValue
linkedct:brief_title Use of a Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) Vaccine to Prevent Shingles in HIV-Infected Children Who Have Already Had Chickenpox
linkedct:collaborator_agency <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/collabagency/2560>
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/2573>
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/5486>
linkedct:criteria Inclusion Criteria Children may be eligible for this study if they: - Are 2 to 18 years old (need consent of parent or guardian if under 18). - Are HIV-positive. - Are VZV-positive. - Have a CD4 cell percentage of at least 15 percent at the time of enrollment. (This criterion reflects a change from the original CD4 cell percentage.) - Have been receiving stable anti-HIV therapy for at least 3 months, with no plans to change these medications. - Had chickenpox at least 6 months prior to study entry. - Were at least 1 year old when they had chickenpox. - Agree to use a barrier method of birth control (such as a condom) during the study. Exclusion Criteria Children will not be eligible for this study if they: - Have an active infection within 72 hours of study entry. - Have a fever over 101 F within 72 hours of study entry. - Were exposed to chickenpox or shingles within 4 weeks prior to study entry. - Have ever had shingles. - Live with someone who has HIV, or who has a weak immune system, and has never had chickenpox. - Have taken certain medications that affect the immune system, such as steroids, within 30 days of study entry. - Have taken or are planning to take VZIG or IVIG within 1 year prior to or 2 months after a study vaccination. - Are allergic to the vaccine, or to neomycin. - Have received or expect to receive another vaccine within 30 days prior to or 30 days after a study vaccination. - Have ever received a chickenpox vaccine. - Are taking aspirin or expect to use aspirin 6 weeks after a study vaccination. - Have taken or plan to take any anti-herpes drugs within 1 week before or 3 weeks after a study vaccination. - Have received or plan to receive a blood transfusion within 1 year before or 2 months after a study vaccination. - Have certain medical problems that would interfere with the study. - Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
linkedct:description Varicella (chickenpox) results from primary infection with VZV. Varicella, a common and usually benign illness in normal children, is more severe in HIV-infected children and may result in other conditions such as HZ (shingles). HZ is due to reactivation of latent VZV acquired during varicella and is common in HIV-infected children who have had natural varicella. While HZ is not likely to be life-threatening in these children, it does cause considerable morbidity and interferes with quality of life. Use of a live-attenuated VZV vaccine may be able to boost immunity in these children. Two immunologic cohorts are enrolled. Cohort A includes children with a CD4 cell percentage greater than or equal to 20 percent that has been documented as stable for at least the 6 months prior to the time varicella developed (confirmed by a minimum of 2 tests) and a CD4 cell percentage greater than [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/27/99: or equal to] 15 percent that has been documented as stable for at least the 6 months prior to enrollment (confirmed by a minimum of 2 tests). Cohort B includes children with a CD4 cell percentage greater than or equal to 10 percent and less than 15 percent that has been documented as stable for at least the 6 months prior to the time varicella developed and stable for at least the 6 months prior to enrollment (confirmed by a minimum of 2 tests). [AS PER AMENDMENT 4/20/01: Cohort B includes children who have a CD4 cell percentage less than 15% documented by a minimum of 1 but preferably 2 tests within 1 year of onset of varicella (i.e., within 1 year before to 1 year after varicella) and a CD4 cell percentage greater than or equal to 15% documented by a minimum of 2 tests at the time of enrollment.] A pilot study precedes the full study. [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/27/99: The pilot study for Cohort A precedes the full study for Cohort A and the pilot study for Cohort B. The pilot study for Cohort B precedes the full study for Cohort B.] The pilot study includes 10 children from each cohort who receive live-attenuated VZV at Weeks 0 and 8. If 3 pilot-study patients in a cohort meet a toxicity endpoint related to the vaccine, the dose regimen has failed the safety criteria for that cohort. [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/27/99: If 3 children in the pilot study for Cohort A meet a toxicity endpoint deemed to be related to the vaccine, the dose regimen has failed safety criteria for both cohorts. If 3 children in the pilot phase of Cohort B meet a toxicity endpoint deemed related to the vaccine, the dose regimen has failed the safety criteria for Cohort B.] If, at 12 weeks after immunization, at least 5 pilot-study patients in a cohort respond and the safety profile is deemed adequate, the pilot study extends into a full study with the immunization of an additional 20 patients from that cohort. [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/27/99: If, at Week 12, at least 5 pilot-study patients in Cohort A meet immunologic criteria and the safety profile is deemed adequate, then the full study for Cohort A and the pilot study for Cohort B opens. If the same immunologic and safety criteria are met for the pilot study for Cohort B, then the full study for Cohort B opens.] If either cohort shows an inadequate immunologic response or safety profile, the study team reviews the results to determine if another regimen should be considered. In the full study, patients receive 2 immunizations, at Weeks 0 and 8. Varicella antibody titers and in vitro responder cell frequency (RCF) assays are measured at Weeks 0, 4, 8, 12, 24, 52, 78, and 104. Symptoms, HIV progression, and VZV presence are monitored throughout the study.
linkedct:download_date Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 30, 2009
linkedct:eligibility_gender Both
linkedct:eligibility_healthy_volunteers No
linkedct:eligibility_maximum_age 18 Years
linkedct:eligibility_minimum_age 2 Years
linkedct:enrollment 60 (xsd:int)
linkedct:firstreceived_date January 17, 2000
linkedct:id NCT00001125
rdfs:label Trial NCT00001125
linkedct:lastchanged_date September 11, 2008
linkedct:lead_sponsor_agency National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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linkedct:nct_id NCT00001125
linkedct:number_of_arms 0 (xsd:int)
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linkedct:official_title Use of a Live-Attenuated Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) Vaccine to Boost Immunity to VZV in HIV-Infected Children Previously Infected With Varicella
linkedct:org_study_id ACTG 391
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/3442>
linkedct:overall_status Active, not recruiting
linkedct:oversight <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/oversight/2920>
foaf:page <http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00001125>
linkedct:phase Phase 1
linkedct:secondary_id PACTG 391
linkedct:source National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
linkedct:study_design Prevention, Open Label
linkedct:study_type Interventional
linkedct:summary The purpose of this study is to see if the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccine will be safe and if it can help prevent shingles in HIV-infected children who have already had chickenpox. VZV is the virus that causes chickenpox. If this virus is reactivated in the body, it can also cause shingles. Shingles is common in children with HIV who have had chickenpox, although it is usually not life-threatening. The VZV vaccine used in this study may be able to prevent HIV-positive children who have had chickenpox from developing shingles.
rdf:type linkedct:trials
linkedct:verification_date August 2005