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Trial NCT00000574

Resource URI: http://static.linkedct.org/resource/trials/NCT00000574
linkedct:brief_title Ibuprofen in Sepsis Study
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/12060>
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/359>
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/7483>
linkedct:criteria Men and women patients with known or suspected sites of serious infection if core temperature was 38.3 degrees Celsius, heart rate 90 in the absence of beta-blockers, respiratory rate 20 or minute ventilation 10 liters per minute. In addition, one o
linkedct:description BACKGROUND: The adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a multifactorial disorder most commonly occurring secondary to sepsis syndrome. Sepsis syndrome occurs in 250,000 to 500,000 patients per year with approximately one-third of these developing ARDS and other organ failures. Extensive studies utilizing the sheep endotoxin model of ARDS as well as data from human pilot studies suggest that cyclooxygenase inhibitors (in particular, ibuprofen) would be useful in the prevention and reversal of many of the pathophysiological abnormalities related to sepsis. Animal studies where ibuprofen treatment was given prior to endotoxin have shown that ibuprofen can improve oxygenation, pulmonary and systematic hemodynamics, airway mechanics, and lung lymph flow. Importantly, animal studies have also shown that established airways mechanics abnormalities and pulmonary hypertension can be reversed by ibuprofen even when given 2.5 hours post endotoxin. Pilot studies of ibuprofen in patients with sepsis syndrome showed that temperature and heart rate were significantly reduced and suggested that airway mechanics and oxygenation were improved, shock was reversed and that these changes were temporally related to prostaglandin levels in urine and plasma. The results of a multicenter study of ibuprofen intervention in patients with sepsis performed at two medical centers between 1985 and 1987 demonstrated the antipyretic effect of ibuprofen with accompanying decrease in heart rate, reduction in peak airway pressure during the time of intervention, and evidence from urine assays of reduced in vivo production of PGI2 and TxA2. Results suggested that PGI2 production correlated inversely with systemic vascular resistance and the TxA2 production correlated directly with pPA and airway resistance. Several parameters indicating beneficial effects tended toward improvement during ibuprofen intervention. The study was conducted at seven North American clinical centers and included a coordinating center and a prostaglandin laboratory. Planning and completion of the protocol and manual of operation took place for the first six months of the study. Patient accession extended for three and a half years. Data analysis was conducted in the last year. DESIGN NARRATIVE: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter. Recruitment at the seven clinical sites began in October 1989 and ended in March 1995. A total of 224 patients were randomized in a double-blind fashion to ibuprofen given intravenously every six hours for a total of eight doses and 231 patients were randomized to placebo. The major endpoint was mortality rate at 30 days after randomization. Before the first dose of the study drug, a baseline medical history was taken and a physical examination was performed to document the presumed cause, site, and time of onset of the sepsis syndrome. Blood was obtained for culture from at least two sites. Infection was classified as occurring in the lungs, peritoneum, or urinary tract or at another site or an unknown site. Chest radiographs were obtained at entry and scored by the chest radiologist to indicate the presence and severity of pulmonary edema. Baseline characteristics of the ibuprofen and placebo groups were balanced with respect to a variety of measures that correlate with mortality and morbidity. The mean interval that elapsed from the time the patient met the entry criteria to the administration of the study drug was 10.7 +/- 0.6 hours in the ibuprofen group and 11.3 +/- 0.6 hours in the placebo group. The predominant site of infection was the lung. In each group, infections associated with positive blood cultures were considered to have been treated with appropriate antibiotics in 96 percent of cases. Rates of organ dysfunction (organ failure) were similar in the two groups at the time of randomization, except that renal dysfunction was significantly more common in the placebo group. The method of calculating the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) score was modified so that the score represented a point in time -- that is, it was calculated from the baseline data rather than from the worst values obtained during the first 24 hours of care in the intensive care unit. Data obtained at entry and every four hours thereafter for the first 44 hours and then at 72, 96, and 120 hours included the patient's temperature, mean systemic blood pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate, urinary output (as an hourly average), arterial-blood gas measurements and requirements for antipyretic agents. Values for mean blood pressure were calculated with the following formula: (0.33 x systolic pressure) + (0.67 x diastolic pressure. When a pulmonary artery catheter was present, the cardiac output, pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary wedge pressure, and central venous pressure were measured at baseline and 20 hours later. Blood lactate was measured, and the delivery and consumption of oxygen calculated, at baseline and 20 hours. Blood samples were obtained at baseline and 20, 44, 72, and 120 hours after study entry for the measurement of hemoglobin, the total leukocyte count, the platelet count, bilirubin, serum aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and electrolytes. Data were recorded on the patient's requirements for blood transfusion, intensive care, and mechanical ventilation.
linkedct:download_date Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 30, 2009
linkedct:eligibility_gender Both
linkedct:eligibility_healthy_volunteers No
linkedct:eligibility_maximum_age 75 Years
linkedct:eligibility_minimum_age 18 Years
linkedct:end_date July 1995
linkedct:enrollment 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:firstreceived_date October 27, 1999
linkedct:id NCT00000574
rdfs:label Trial NCT00000574
linkedct:lastchanged_date June 23, 2005
linkedct:lead_sponsor_agency National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
linkedct:nct_id NCT00000574
linkedct:number_of_arms 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:number_of_groups 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:org_study_id 212
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/20498>
linkedct:overall_status Completed
linkedct:oversight <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/oversight/2918>
foaf:page <http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00000574>
linkedct:phase Phase 3
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/51818>
linkedct:source National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
linkedct:start_date September 1990
linkedct:study_design Treatment, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Control
linkedct:study_type Interventional
linkedct:summary To determine the effects of ibuprofen on mortality, development and reversal of shock, and adult respiratory distress syndrome, and on Lung Parenchymal Injury Score in adult patients with serious infection.
rdf:type linkedct:trials
linkedct:verification_date July 1995