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Trial NCT00000563

Resource URI: http://static.linkedct.org/resource/trials/NCT00000563
linkedct:brief_title Prevention of Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome With Antenatal Steroid Administration
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/11500>
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/7483>
linkedct:criteria Male and female fetuses and infants; pregnant women with anticipated premature delivery and gestational age between 26 and 37 weeks.
linkedct:description BACKGROUND: Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome is one of the leading causes of disability and death in the newborn. In the United States, approximately 10 percent of all infants are premature, and each year about 50,000 cases of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome occur. Extensive studies in animal models on respiratory distress syndrome have demonstrated that antenatal administration of synthetic (dexamethasone) and natural (cortisol) corticosteroids accelerates lung maturation and significantly diminishes the occurrence of RDS. Although a variety of conditions in newborn infants have been treated with steroids over the past 20 years without adverse effects, investigations have been needed on the short-term effects of corticosteroids administered antenatally on neonate and mother and on the long-term effects on the infant. The Planning Phase of this trial was completed in March 1977, with formulation of a common protocol and manual of operations. Patient screening and enrollment began in August 1977 and ended on March 1, 1980. Follow-up ended in August 1983 and data analysis was completed October 31, 1983. DESIGN NARRATIVE: Randomized, double-blind, fixed sample. Six hundred and ninety-six pregnant women were randomized to four doses of dexamethasone every 12 hours or to placebo. Endpoints were the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome and abnormality of motor-neuro-intellectual development in their infants.
linkedct:download_date Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 30, 2009
linkedct:eligibility_gender Both
linkedct:eligibility_healthy_volunteers No
linkedct:eligibility_maximum_age 1 Year
linkedct:eligibility_minimum_age N/A
linkedct:enrollment 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:firstreceived_date October 27, 1999
linkedct:id NCT00000563
rdfs:label Trial NCT00000563
linkedct:lastchanged_date June 23, 2005
linkedct:lead_sponsor_agency National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
linkedct:nct_id NCT00000563
linkedct:number_of_arms 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:number_of_groups 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:org_study_id 201
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/22482>
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/49638>
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/50110>
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/54108>
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/8456>
linkedct:overall_status Completed
linkedct:oversight <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/oversight/2918>
foaf:page <http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00000563>
linkedct:phase Phase 3
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/43329>
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/44194>
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/768>
linkedct:source National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
linkedct:start_date June 1976
linkedct:study_design Prevention, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Control
linkedct:study_type Interventional
linkedct:summary To determine the effect of corticosteroids, administered 24 to 48 hours before parturition, on the incidence of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and to determine whether the therapy has any adverse short- or long-term (up to 36 months) effects on the infant. Secondarily, to determine whether the therapy has any adverse short-term effects on the mother and to determine whether morbidity rates for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome as well as total and cause-specific infant mortality rates differ between mothers who received antenatal steroids and those who received conventional medical care.
rdf:type linkedct:trials
linkedct:verification_date January 2000