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Trial NCT00000125

Resource URI: http://static.linkedct.org/resource/trials/NCT00000125
linkedct:brief_title Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS)
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/5287>
linkedct:condition <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/condition/9169>
linkedct:criteria Men and nonpregnant women between the ages of 40 and 80 with IOP greater than or equal to 24 mm Hg but less than or equal to 32 mm Hg in at least one eye and IOP greater than or equal to 21 but less than or equal to 32 mm Hg in the fellow eye, as well as normal visual fields and optic discs are eligible for the trial. Patients presenting with best-corrected visual acuity worse than 20/40 in either eye, previous intraocular surgery, a life-threatening or debilitating disease, secondary causes of elevated IOP, angle-closure glaucoma or anatomically narrow angles, other diseases that can cause visual field loss, background diabetic retinopathy, optic disc abnormalities that can produce visual field loss or obscure the interpretation of the optic disc, or unwillingness to undergo random assignment are excluded from the trial.
linkedct:description Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States and other industrialized countries. It is estimated that 2 million people in the United States have glaucoma and that 80,000 of these individuals are legally blind from the disease. Among African Americans, glaucoma is now recognized as the leading cause of blindness. Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), a common condition affecting 3 to 6 million people in the United States, is thought to be the leading risk factor for development of open-angle glaucoma. There is no consensus that medical reduction of intraocular pressure prevents or delays the onset of visual field and/or optic nerve damage in ocular hypertensive subjects. Despite the lack of convincing evidence for the efficacy of medical treatment in ocular hypertension, approximately 1.5 million glaucoma suspects in the United States are being treated with costly ocular hypotensive medications that carry the potential for serious and even life-threatening side effects. Clearly, there is a need for a well-controlled clinical trial to determine whether medical reduction of IOP can prevent or delay the onset of glaucomatous damage in ocular hypertensive subjects. Only then can clinicians and patients make rational choices and health care planners ensure that limited medical resources are being allocated in a safe and cost-effective manner. The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) is a long-term, randomized, controlled multicenter clinical trial. Ocular hypertensive subjects judged to be at moderate risk of developing primary open-angle glaucoma are randomly assigned to either close observation only or a stepped medical regimen. Medical treatment consists of all commercially available topical antiglaucoma agents. After completion of baseline measures (IOP, visual fields, disc photos) and randomization, the subjects are followed for a minimum of 5 years with automated threshold central static perimetry (Humphrey program 30-2) twice yearly and stereoscopic optic disc photographs once yearly. Study end points are reproducible visual field loss and/or progressive optic disc damage in either eye of a patient. All visual fields and optic disc photographs are read in a masked fashion in Reading Centers. In the 1991 Baltimore Eye Survey, African Americans were shown to have a prevalence of open-angle glaucoma four to five times higher than whites. Given this high prevalence of glaucoma in the African American population, it is important to recruit and follow an adequate sample of African American subjects in the trial (approximately 25 percent of the total patient sample). At the conclusion of this study, practitioners should be able to make reasonable estimates of risk for individual ocular hypertensive patients and to determine which ocular hypertensive individuals are most likely to benefit from early prophylactic medical treatment.
linkedct:download_date Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 30, 2009
linkedct:eligibility_gender Both
linkedct:eligibility_healthy_volunteers No
linkedct:eligibility_maximum_age 80 Years
linkedct:eligibility_minimum_age 40 Years
linkedct:enrollment 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:firstreceived_date September 23, 1999
linkedct:id NCT00000125
rdfs:label Trial NCT00000125
linkedct:lastchanged_date September 29, 2006
linkedct:lead_sponsor_agency National Eye Institute (NEI)
linkedct:nct_id NCT00000125
linkedct:number_of_arms 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:number_of_groups 0 (xsd:int)
linkedct:org_study_id NEI-24
linkedct:overall_official <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/overall_official/40341>
linkedct:overall_status Active, not recruiting
linkedct:oversight <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/oversight/2918>
foaf:page <http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00000125>
linkedct:phase Phase 3
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/13700>
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/13701>
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/13702>
linkedct:reference <http://static.linkedct.org/resource/reference/1878>
linkedct:source National Eye Institute (NEI)
linkedct:start_date January 1995
linkedct:study_design Prevention, Randomized
linkedct:study_type Interventional
linkedct:summary To determine whether medical reduction of intraocular pressure prevents or delays the onset of glaucomatous visual field loss and/or optic disc damage in ocular hypertensive subjects judged to be at moderate risk for developing open-angle glaucoma. To produce natural history data to assist in identifying patients at most risk for developing open-angle glaucoma and those most likely to benefit from early medical treatment. To quantify risk factors for developing open-angle glaucoma among ocular hypertensive subjects.
rdf:type linkedct:trials
linkedct:verification_date December 2003